Urinary catheters are used primarily for two urologic conditions - incontinence or incomplete bladder emptying. To ease these conditions; a catheter is used internally or externally and may stay in place for a short or long period of time; depending on the type of catheter and the reason for its use. The CMS has placed a high priority on reducing catheter-associated infections and will be viewed as unacceptable harm resulting from medical care. This lecture aims to educate nurses about the new regulations and their impact on urology practice. It provides a short review of current indications; use and complications associated with urinary catheters; types of catheters; provide recent regulatory changes on their use and detail examples of innovative and new device technology.